Ibiza is a small island lying 90 km off the East coast of Spain, in the Western Mediterranean. It is part of the Balearic islands.
Ibiza is only a two hour flight from most major European Capitals (London, Berlin, Frankfurt, Paris, Milan, Zurich), and a four hour Ferry ride from Denia or Alicante on the coast of mainland Spain (now only 2 hours with the new super-fast ferries).
Ibiza is only 45 km long and 25 km wide, and has a year round population of 100.000. This of course increases dramatically during the summer months, when many seasonal workers and tourists descend upon the island. Most of the population is centered in and around the three major towns: the capital Ibiza Town, San Antonio and Santa Eulalia.
Recent archaeological diggings prove that the first settlements on Ibiza and Formentera date back to over 3000 years ago. A grave was found on Formentera which dates back to 1600 years B.C. Cave paintings at Ses Fontanelles (north from San Antonio - 800 years B.C.), and bronze axes and discs found near San Juan and San Agustin (700 years B.C.) provide further evidence of these early settlements.
In the year 654 B.C. the Carthaginians discovered Ibiza and founded Ibiza Town, making this one of the earliest towns in Europe. The christened the town Ibossim, quite similar to its present day name. Another name for Ibiza which has survived until now comes from the Greeks, who came to Ibiza during the time of the Carthaginians: they called the two islands of Ibiza and Formentera, the Pitiusas.
For such a warm and sunny destination, Ibiza remains remarkably green throughout the year. Ibiza and its little sister Formentera are known as "las Islas Pitiusas" (Greek origins), which means as much as "the pine-covered islands".
In addition to the Pine forests, the Almond, the Olive and the Fig trees add to the wonderfully green aura that surrounds Ibiza. On top of this, from July until September, Bougainvillea, Oleander and Hibiscus bushes adorn the island with startling splashes of purple, pink and red.
The warm temperatures between November and May transform the island into a blossoming paradise: meadows carpeted with yellow flowers, red Poinsettias, Almond trees in full bloom, Orange and Lemon trees laden with succulent, ripe fruit. Spring is in the air, instead of the usual winter depression. In fact, various palms, Cacti and Agaves (from which Aloe Vera is produced) ensure a tropical atmosphere all year long.